Transgender residents and those who don’t identify as either male or female would be allowed to change their name and sex information on their birth certificates under a bill passed by the New Hampshire House this week.

The bill would require an applicant to get notarized statements from health care providers stating that in the provider’s opinion, an individual is male, female or neither and is reasonably expected to continue as such for the foreseeable future. New birth certificates would be issued, but the original certificates would also be kept.

Supporters say birth certificates already can be changed for a variety of reasons, including adoption or someone who has had gender reassignment surgery. Opponents argued that birth certificates record “facts, not feelings.”

The bill now goes to the Senate.

A gym buff was convicted this week of sexually assaulting a transgender woman in the bathroom of a Manhattan Starbucks.

Taren Tyler, 33, was found guilty of criminal sex act and sexual abuse at trial in Manhattan Supreme Court Tuesday.

The 27-year-old victim said she met Tyler for their first date at the coffee shop near Penn Station on Jan. 30, 2017.

Tyler went to the bathroom to roll a marijuana cigarette and asked the woman to meet him in the restroom, the victim said.

When she got there, Tyler grabbed her by the hair and pulled her inside, the woman testified.

“What the hell are you doing?” she asked, according to her testimony.

She said she did not move or scream because she was “frozen” with fear.

Tyler, who is a bulky 6-foot-2 and 230 pounds, used his strength to force the 5-foot-7, 160-pound victim to perform oral sex on him.

Then he raped her as he warned her not to get him angry.

The victim, who hasn’t yet had sex reassignment surgery, said she hadn’t told Tyler she was transgender at the time of the assault, as they met just a few days prior at a New York Sports Club on the Upper West Side where she worked.

Tyler had a completely different take on the date.

He testified they got hot and heavy at the table at Starbucks and she put her hand on his groin.

Inside the bathroom, Tyler said the victim willingly gave him oral sex without him knowing about her trans status, which “traumatized” him and “grossed” him out when she disclosed it after.

“I was shocked and dazed,” he said. “And angry.”

“I felt like she took something from me,” he added.

He claimed that he was “embarrassed” by the whole ordeal.

“I'm like, ‘Can you just leave?’ ” he testified about his reaction. “Just leave me the f--k alone.”

“You didn’t tell me. You sucked my d--k,” he barked at her as she tried to explain herself, according to court records.

Tyler’s lawyer, Glenn Hardy, said the accuser’s story didn’t add up.

On the stand, the woman said that after the assault she took a walk and shared a joint with Tyler.

“No sane person walks down the street sharing a joint with a guy she’s afraid is going to kill her,” Hardy said.

“And a Starbucks empty on a Monday night?” he added. “This case had reasonable doubt written all over it.”

Tyler faces up to 25 years in prison at his April 2 sentencing.

WASHINGTON — The Defense Department has approved a new policy that will largely bar transgender troops and military recruits from transitioning to another sex, and require most individuals to serve in their birth gender.

The memo outlining the new policy was obtained Tuesday by The Associated Press, and it comes after a lengthy and complicated legal battle. It falls short of the all-out transgender ban that was initially ordered by President Donald Trump. But it will likely force the military to eventually discharge transgender individuals who need hormone treatments or surgery and can't or won't serve in their birth gender.

The order says the military services must implement the new policy in 30 days, giving some individuals a short window of time to qualify for gender transition if needed. And it allows service secretaries to waive the policy on a case-by-case basis.
 
Under the new rules, currently serving transgender troops and anyone who has signed an enlistment contract by April 12 may continue with plans for hormone treatments and gender transition if they have been diagnosed with gender dysphoria.

But after April 12, no one with gender dysphoria who is taking hormones or has transitioned to another gender will be allowed to enlist. And any currently serving troops diagnosed with gender dysphoria after April 12 will have to serve in their birth gender and will be barred from taking hormones or getting transition surgery.

The memo lays out guidelines for discharging service members based on the new policy. It says a service member can be discharged based on a diagnosis of gender dysphoria if he or she is "unable or unwilling to adhere to all applicable standards, including the standards associated with his or her biological sex, or seeks transition to another gender."

It adds that troops must be formally counseled and given a chance to change their decision before the discharge is finalized.

In a statement Tuesday night, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called the ban "cowardly."

"The President's revival of his bigoted, disgusting ban on transgender servicemembers is a stunning attack on the patriots who keep us safe and on the most fundamental ideals of our nation," the California Democrat said. "The President's years-long insistence on his cowardly ban makes clear that prejudice, not patriotism, guides his decisions."

Palm Center, a California research institute, protested the new policy Tuesday. Director Aaron Belkin said, "The Trump administration is determined to bring back 'don't ask, don't tell,' a policy that forced service members to choose between serving their country and telling the truth about who they were."

The final legal injunction blocking the new policy was lifted last week, allowing the Pentagon to move forward. But restrictions on transgender troops are likely to face ongoing legal challenges and have been slammed by members of Congress as discriminatory and self-defeating.

The memo was signed by David L. Norquist, who is currently serving as the deputy defense secretary.

Rep. Jackie Speier, D-Calif., said in February that barring service by transgender individuals "would cost us recruits at a time when so few Americans are willing to serve." She spoke at a hearing in which transgender troops testified that transitioning to another sex made them stronger and more effective members of the military.

Until a few years ago service members could be discharged from the military for being transgender, but that changed under the Obama administration. Then-Defense Secretary Ash Carter announced in 2016 that transgender people already serving in the military would be allowed to serve openly. And the military set July 1, 2017, as the date when transgender individuals would be allowed to enlist.

After Trump took office, however, his administration delayed the enlistment date and called for additional study to determine if allowing transgender individuals to serve would affect military readiness or effectiveness.

A few weeks later, Trump caught military leaders by surprise, tweeting that the government won't accept or allow transgender individuals to serve "in any capacity" in the military. "Our military must be focused on decisive and overwhelming victory and cannot be burdened with the tremendous medical costs and disruption that transgender in the military would entail," he wrote.

His demand for a ban triggered a legal and moral quagmire, as the Pentagon faced the prospect of throwing out service members who had willingly come forward as transgender after being promised they would be protected and allowed to serve. And as legal battles blocked the ban from taking effect, the Obama-era policy continued and transgender individuals were allowed to begin enlisting in the military a little more than a year ago.

 

While acceptance of LGBTQ individuals has been growing rapidly in the last decade, there are still subsets of people who abhor any orientation other than heterosexual. Coming out is never an easy process for LGBTQ people, no matter their age. For teens experiencing same-sex attraction, particularly those whose families are deeply religious, there are added fears: “What if they kick me out?” “What if they disown me completely?” “What if they make me ‘pray the gay away?’”

Pray the gay away is a colloquial term referencing the practice of conversion therapy—the practice in which pseudoscience religious extremists attempt to change one’s sexual orientation. Parents can legally force their LGBTQ children into conversion therapy in all but 14 states, and for those LGBTQ teens living in the other 36 states, conversion therapy is a very real fear.

The stories survivors of conversion therapy tell are frightening to hear, even for those who are not LGBTQ. Survivors talk of forced exercise to the point of exhaustion and vomiting, withholding of food, emotional abuse couched as “social conditioning,” isolation, electric shocks as a form of aversion therapy—including shocks to specific, intimate areas of the body—and being forced to watch explicit content to learn “right” from “wrong.”

One survivor, Alex Cooper, was held apart from her Mormon parents by another couple for eight months. First, she was required to learn how to be a good housewife to “cure” her of being a lesbian. When that didn’t work, she was sleep deprived and forced to wear a backpack full of rocks that weighed 40 pounds to represent the physical burden of being gay. Other survivors talk about being forced to wear sandwich boards bearing the words, “I’m gay. Save me from temptation,” in their communities, because their rehabilitation was a community effort. Others have mentioned enduring hours of talk therapy where they were repeatedly told same-sex attraction guarantees they would contract HIV, or that the only reason they experienced same-sex attraction was because they were sexually abused when they were younger. For many who went through conversion therapy, the only way out was to say the therapy worked and they became straight, then live a lie until they could be free of the authority figures who forced them into conversion therapy in the first place.

There are survivors who were able to escape by calling friends or supportive relatives to come get them, sneaking out and running from the facility, or waiting until they were allowed to leave for school and escape from there. Those that had supportive friends or family were lucky, but others had to find a way to support themselves by working whatever job a minor could get. There are a sad, and alarmingly high, number of conversion therapy veterans who commit suicide, either to escape the torture at the time, or years later, when the psychological damage they endured gets the better of them.

For these reasons, the American Psychological Association, the American Medical Association, the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, the American College of Physicians, the American Counseling Association, the American Psychiatric Association, and other highly respected boards of medicine and psychology in the United States reject conversion therapy as a legitimate treatment. These boards have called into question the ethics of the practice, particularly in the absence of research showing a scientific basis for changing someone’s sexual orientation. These medical and psychological experts all contend that same-sex attraction is not a mental disorder in need of treatment and that sexual orientation cannot be changed. It is a normal, healthy variation of human sexuality, and as such, needs no intervention. Furthermore, the effects of conversion therapy on patients are harmful, leading to increased anxiety and depression, and intensified suicidal thoughts and ideation.

State legislatures are beginning to agree. Besides the 14 states that already ban the practice for minors, conversion therapy ban bills are being raised in other states. Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, New YorkIndiana and Minnesota have all introduced legislation that would ban the practice, and at least two of those have happened since the beginning of 2019. Denver became the most recent city to ban conversion therapy through a unanimous city council vote on Jan. 7.

Utah is currently considering a bill banning conversion therapy, introduced by two Republican lawmakers, but the bill is facing backlash from an interesting source. While the Mormon Church put out a statement that it does not intend to fight the ban, a number of therapeutic professionals have opposed the ban as too broad. They argue that it prevents them from providing necessary talk therapy treatment to clients who are not comfortable with their sexuality. Even if these professionals do not intend to change their clients’ sexuality, they worry that the ban will cause them to limit the help they provide out of fear that their conversation may violate the ban. New Jersey, one of the first states to ban conversion therapy, is also facing a lawsuit by the Liberty Council, a group that files lawsuits based on evangelical Christian values. This lawsuit asserts many of the same arguments as those opposed to the Utah ban—interference with the doctor-patient or counselor-patient relationship.

The topic of conversion therapy has recently come into mainstream social consciousness, in part because of the release of two acclaimed films: “The Miseducation of Cameron Post,” a Sundance award winner, and the higher profile film, “Boy Erased,” starring Russell Crowe, Nicole Kidman and Lucas Hedges. “Boy Erased” is based on a true story and depicts a boy, 19, outed to his Baptist parents, who force him to choose between being ostracized from his family, friends and faith, or attending conversion therapy. Both films are emotionally charged and reach a broad range of viewers—one aimed at teens and the other at parents—hopefully showing a larger audience the dangers of conversion therapy than has seen it before. Neither film is the first of its kind, but their impact may be significant if the social landscape is ready to listen, and more importantly, do something about it.

Conversion therapy is not a new practice, but it is being discussed in a new way from both sides. The silence surrounding conversion therapy is falling as survivors speak out and demand to be heard. The authors of many of these stories vividly describe the abuse, and in some cases torture, they endured as part of these conversion therapy camps. Medical and psychological professionals say it’s not only unhelpful but harmful to those who go through it, and the only healthy choice is to ban this pseudo-therapy. Sexual orientation and gender identity are not mental disorders, they are not afflictions that need to be treated, or aberrations one can pray away. Hopefully, willing legislators, vocal survivors and continued discussion can stop this practice. LGBTQ teens, and even older members of the queer community, need to hear that their lives are not something that needs to be fixed, and they deserve love from who they love. That affirmation needs to be heard by the entire community, but most importantly by those most affected by conversion therapy—our young people.

An Ohio appeals court has overturned a judge's decision to deny a transgender 15-year-old a legal name change.

In a unanimous decision, the 12th District Court of Appeals ruled Warren County Probate Judge Joseph Kirby's decision "was arbitrary, unreasonable, unconscionable and based solely upon the transgender status of the applicant's child."

Kylin and Stephanie Whitaker, the parents of the teen, applied for the name change after their child received therapy at the Lindner Center for about a year and was beginning hormone therapy at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, court documents state.

Both of the teen's parents, a therapist and a doctor specializing in treating transgender children stood behind the name change.

In June, Kirby denied the request claimed the teen lacked the "maturity, knowledge and stability" to make such a decision.

"Whether [the teen] is experiencing Gender Dysphoria or is just not comfortable with her body is something that only time will reveal," Kirby wrote in his decision. "Is [the teen's] distress brought about by confusion, peer pressure, or other non-transgender issues – or is it truly a mismatch between her gender identity and her body."

The Whitakers appealed the decision. They said Kirby ignored the advice of medical and mental health professionals who say an early name change allows transgender children to get their driver's license and register for school with a name that reflects their gender identity, avoiding further confusion and trauma.

The Whitakers were also part of a lawsuit against Kirby, but the Ohio Supreme Court declined to take on the case.

Kirby said he in court filings that he is obligated to rule in the best interest of the child.

The appeals court decision, dated March 4, states Kirby fixated on the teen's maturity and failed to adequately consider the parent's wishes and medical advice.

"The parents undertook efforts to satisfy themselves that [their child's] feelings about his gender identity were 'real,' and ... were satisfied that [the teen] did not want the name change as part of a 'fad,' 'trend,' or 'passing phase,' " according to the decision.

"This is a huge win," said Josh Langdon, the Whitakers' lawyer. "I believe this is the first pro-LGBT case from the 12th District."

Kirby's judgment has been reversed and remanded, meaning that the Warren County Probate Court has been ordered to reconsider the Whitakers' application.

It is up to Kirby whether he holds additional hearings for the case. In theory, Kirby could also issue another ruling denying the name, but the appeals court decision would demand more justification.

Jennifer Shaul and her husband, Jeff Shaul, had a scheduled hearing delayed regarding a name change for their transgender child while the Ohio Supreme Court and appeals court make their decisions. The Shauls' case is now schedule to take place next month. 

Kirby could not be reached for comment at the time of this report.

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